About this course
The Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Council (PHECC) has designed the Cardiac First Response (CFR) and Salbutamol standard to offer appropriate training to individuals and groups who wish to avail of certified training in basic life support and the administration of Salbutamol for emergency treatment of adults and children (< 16 years) with an acute asthmatic attack. This has been possible by SI No. 449 of 2015 Medicinal Products (Prescription and Control of Supply) (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations 2015 and PHECC clinical practice guidelines (CPGs).
- There is no specific entry criterion including a minimum age. However, a course participant should be mature enough to comprehend the knowledge, skills and implications associated with defibrillation, use of the named medication and have a maturity to complete the assessment to receive the certification. Note the minimum age for entry to an EFR course is 18 and should be applied also to the modules for Nitrous oxide and Oxygen.
- This course is delivered in English as such an acceptable level of English to assimilate and relay the information in the course is required. For further information see our English Language policy
For New CFR Responders the complete course shall take appox 1 day.
For those already holding a valid CFR community Certificate the medications management and administration add on shall take approx 3 hours
CFR- Basic Emergency Care
CFR- Access and use of an Automated External Defibrillator
CFR- Safety and Communication
Upon successful completion of this course participants will receive a Pre-hospital Emergency Care Council Cardiac First Response and medication for listed organisation certificate valid for two years.
Learners will be continually assessed throughout the course on the practical skills acquired on the course.
There is a practical skills formative assessment as per PHECC assessment sheets on this course which includes:
- Skills assessment using PHECC’s CFR Community assessment sheet
- Scenario based skills assessment – for the named medicinal product
Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Council Certificate
CPR Pocket mask
Cardiac First Responder Manual
Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Council Red Card
1. What is the emergency medicines legislation for non-medical persons?
In October 2015 the Minister of Health signed into legislation – Statutory Instrument SI No. 449 of 2015 Medicinal Products (Prescription and Control of Supply (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations (commonly known as SI 449 of 2015 or the emergency medicines legislation). These Regulations allow trained non-medical persons to administer six prescription–only medicines to a person, without a prescription, for the purpose of saving their life or reducing severe distress in an emergency situation. The emergency medicines are:
• Epinephrine (adrenaline) auto-injector
• Glucagon hydrochloride injection
• Glyceryl trinitrate sublingual spray
• Naloxone hydrochloride pre-filled syringe
• Salbutamol 100mcg multi-dose inhaler
• Medical gas mixture of 50% nitrous oxide and 50% oxygen
(Note: the administration of this is restricted to those engaged or employed by an emergency rescue organisation*)
*In the context of these Regulations, an ’emergency rescue organisation’ means an organisation whose functions include provision of rescue services to persons who cannot, without specialised assistance, remove themselves from danger or entrapment, due to injury, illness or environmental conditions.
To ensure that these medicines are administered safely, the legislation requires that the non-medical person completes an approved training course for each of the medicines that they wish to administer.
As well as completing an approved training course, the person must be engaged or employed (including in a voluntary capacity) by a listed organisation which may obtain a stock of the specified medicine for supply and administration in the event of an emergency.
The Regulations also require that the listed organisation must appoint an accountable person. This may be a person who has completed the training to administer emergency medicines, or another person.
Statutory Instrument SI No. 449 of 2015 Medicinal Products (Prescription and Control of Supply (Amendment) (No. 2) Regulations is available to read at www.irishstatutebook.ie.
2. What are the emergency medicines covered in this new legislation?
Medication Emergency Condition Administration Route Epinephrine (adrenaline)
Treatment of anaphylactic shock (adults and children) Intramuscular injection Glucagon Treatment of hypoglycaemia (adults and children) Intramuscular or subcutaneous injection Glycerol trinitrate Treatment of severe angina attack (adults) Sublingual spray Medical gas mixture of 50% nitrous oxide and 50% oxygen Pain releif in emergency rescue situations (adults and children) Inhalation Naloxone hydrochloride
Treatment of respiratory depression secondary to known or suspected narcotic overdose (adults and children) Intramuscular injection Salbutamol inhaler Treatment of acute asthmatic attack (adults and children) Inhalation
3. What is a listed organisation?
An organisation that wishes to procure one, or more, of the six emergency medicines must notify the Health Products Regulatory Authority (HPRA) by completing a form which can be accessed at www.hpra.ie. The organisation must notify the HPRA of the address of each premises where the medicines will be stored for use in an emergency. The HPRA will publish a list of organisations that have provided a valid notification on their website. When entered onto this list, the organisation is a “listed organisation”.
Under the Regulations an organisation can include:
a) An organisation, body, person or group in control of a place of worship, a place of hospitality, an entertainment venue, a place of work, a sports venue, a sports club, a train station, a bus station, a ferry port, an airport or aerodrome, a commercial aircraft, a passenger ferry, a supermarket, a shopping centre, an educational establishment, a childcare facility, a crèche, a museum, an art gallery, an exhibitions centre
b) An Garda Síochána,
c) the Courts Service,
d) a local authority,
e) the Health Service Executive,
f) a fire service,
g) an emergency rescue organisation – defined as: “an organisation whose functions include provision of rescue services to persons who cannot, without specialised assistance, remove themselves from danger or entrapment due to injury, illness or environmental conditions”.
4. What does it mean to be the accountable person in a listed organisation?
A listed organisation must appoint one or more persons, who is employed or engaged by the listed organisation, (including in a voluntary capacity or as a volunteer) to be the accountable person(s). The accountable person is legally responsible for compliance with the Regulations, including the safe storage and use of emergency medicines by persons who have completed the approved training.
The Regulations state that the accountable person must:
• oversee and manage the appropriate storage of a medicine procured by the listed organisation for use in an emergency
• oversee and manage the appropriate conditions for storage of such medicine
• ensure that the medicine is procured from a registered retail pharmacy business or where the medicine is the medical gas mixture of 50% nitrous oxide and 50% oxygen (for example Entonox) from the holder of a wholesaler’s authorisation
• ensure that such medicine is only supplied to a person(s) (who may also be the accountable person) employed by or engaged by the listed organisation for supply and administration in an emergency
• maintain confidential records at the premises of the listed organisation for the procurement and storage of such medicine
• ensure that the person(s) with responsibility for supplying and administering such medicines in an emergency are appropriately trained and that their training certificate is valid
• assist An Gard Síochána or any other investigative body with its investigations in the event of an adverse event or incident relating to the procurement, storage, supply or administration of the medicine.
5. What do I need to do to be able to administer any of these medications?
You must complete a Cardiac First Response (CFR) course in accordance with PHECC current CFR Education and Training Standards. In addition to CFR skills, you will be trained in the administration of the specific medication for the course chosen. You will also be taught how to manage a person in the following circumstances:
a) severe reaction (anaphylaxis) in an out-of-hospital environment,
c) severe angina attack,
d) respiratory depression secondary to known or suspected narcotic overdose and
e) acute asthmatic attack in an out-of-hospital setting until handover (or referral) to the appropriate practitioner.
* Note: The administration of Medical gas mixture of 50% nitrous oxide and 50% oxygen is directed at those training as Emergency First Responders (EFRs) and who are employed by or volunteering with an emergency rescue organisation that is listed with HPRA.
6. Where can I access a course(s)?
Only PHECC recognised institutions (RI) approved for each course can deliver this training. Our website will list the RIs that are approved to deliver these courses and training. We regularly update our listing which can be found here.
The courses will be available to:
• existing and new CFR responders who wish to avail of PHECC certified additional training in any or all of the 5 medications (adrenaline auto-injector, glucagon hydrochloride injection, glyceryl trinitrate sublingual spray, naloxone hydrochloride pre-filled syringe, salbutamol multi-dose inhaler)
• existing and new EFR responders who are practising on behalf of a listed emergency rescue organisations – for Medical gas mixture of 50% nitrous oxide and 50% oxygen only.
7. What can I expect on the Cardiac First Response course with one/or more of the medications for listed organisations?
The CFR part of the course uses a video to guide course delivery as well as instructor and student manuals. This part of the course takes about 4-5 hours. These courses consist of the following modules:
• Module 1 Basic Emergency Care
• Module 2 Access and use of an Automated External Defibrillator
• Module 3 Safety and Communication
• Module 4 Medication Management
• Module 5 Medication Administration
The duration of the Medication Management – Module 4 and Medication Administration Module 5 including assessment is no less than 2-4 hours. The assessment will be skills based designed scenarios and multiple choice questions to support your knowledge and skills learned in the course.
8. Will I get a certificate?
Yes, if you are successful in the course you will be issued with a joint PHECC/Recognised Institution CFR or EFR certificate and named medicinal product cards/certificates as appropriate. The CFR certification lapses after 2 years when a new course must be undertaken.
The EFR certification lapses after 3 years. It is also necessary for you to retain certification in CFR (every 2 years).
9. How can I obtain these medicines for use in an emergency?
A listed organisation can obtain emergency medicines from a pharmacy to hold as stock on their premises for use in the event of an emergency. An order for the medicine must be presented to the pharmacy that has been signed by the accountable person taking responsibility for the medicine.
The legislation does not allow for individual persons to obtain these medicines. The Health Product Regulatory Authority (HPRA) is the regulator responsible for establishing and maintaining the list of organisations authorised to obtain these medicines.
SI 449 of 2015 requires the listed organisation to appoint a person or persons employed or engaged by that organisation, (including volunteers) to carry out/perform certain responsibilities/functions which include safe management, storage and recording. The person(s) appointed is called the accountable person(s).
The Eleventh Schedule of SI 449 of 2015 details what a listed organisation must provide to HPRA in order to be registered as a listed organisation and obtain the medicines for use in emergencies. The details are:
1. Organisation name and address
2. Name of the accountable person(s) appointed
3. Business name or trading style to be used by the organisation where that name is different to the name required above
4. Permanent address of the premises where your organisation is going to store the medicines and from which/where they are to be supplied
5. Starting date for when the listed organisation is going to be holding the medications for use in emergencies.
6. Name of the medicine(s) the listed organisation wishes to procure/obtain
7. Declaration/statement that the procurement, storage, supply and administration of medication for use in emergencies will be conducted in compliance with the SI 449.
The HPRA has an online system for organisations – the Emergency Medicines Portal to notify HPRA of their intention to procure or purchase a specific medicine from a pharmacy or other supplier for supply and administration in the event of an emergency situation.
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Our Upcoming Courses
Emergency First Response 29.09.23 (Dublin)
Pre-Hospital Emergency Care Council Education & Training Standards Emergency First Response Clinical Practice Guidelines
UK Level 4 Dip for Associate Ambulance Practitioners 30.09.23
First Aid Response Refresher 03.10.23
Patient Manual Handling 03.10.23 (Waterford)
Our CFR & Medications for Listed Organisations Instructors
Dermot is a qualified advanced paramedic with a diploma in Emergency medical technology from Northeastern University and an higher diploma in Emergency medical science from UCD. Along with Dermot’s many years of clinical practice he also holds a Cardiac First Responder Advanced Instructor certificate and a diploma in continuing education and training from NUIM.
Dan is a qualified advanced paramedic with a diploma in Emergency medical technology from Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland and a graduate diploma in emergency medical science from UCD. Along with Dan’s many years of clinical practice he also holds a Cardiac First Responder Advanced Instructor certificate, a diploma in continuing education and training from NUIM and is a PHECC tutor.
Troy is a qualified paramedic with a diploma in Emergency medical technology from Northeastern University USA. Along with Troy’s many years of clinical practice he also holds a Cardiac First Responder Advanced Instructor certificate.
Paul is a qualified paramedic with a diploma in Emergency medical technology from Northeastern University USA. Along with Paul’s many years of clinical practice he also holds a Cardiac First Responder Advanced Instructor certificate.
Dave is a qualified paramedic with a diploma in Emergency medical technology from Northeastern University USA. Along with Dave’s many years of clinical practice he also holds a Cardiac First Responder Advanced Instructor certificate.
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